The Assyrians were diligent in their efforts in the world of Astrology. Astrology and the predictions by priests basically ruled society. Astrology had become the religion of the times and was adhered to with fervent tenacity. They worshipped as gods the identifiable and predictable five planets: Venus, Mercury, Mars, Saturn and Jupiter.
Each planet was worshipped as a god with specific attributes associated with its presence in the heavens that were associated with the seasons here on earth. In Astrology, each season was associated with the position of the planet and the effects it had on the earth during its transit. The dependence on the planetary positions governed society’s activities during each of the seasons.
The New Babylonian period between 600-300 BC, brought recognition to the Astrologers, Kiddinu, Berossus, Antipatrus, Achinopoulus, and Sudines. Before their time, Astrology’s use was relegated to the receiving of omens by the priesthood. The priests’ job in the use of Astrology was to predict future events, the outcome of which meant the survival of the community. If they were wrong, for example, in predicting the outcome of an attack by another Kingdom, the community as they knew it would not survive and would change dramatically.
It was during this period between 600-300 BC that the actual signs of the Zodiac, horoscopes and birth charts came into play and predictions were made. Until this time, there were no predictions associated with the birth of someone. The important information was considered just the position of the planets in accordance to the season that gave birth a meaning.
About this time, Alexander the Great entered the scene, spreading the Hellenistic philosophy upon every place he conquered which changed the face of Astrology and its influence during that time. Astrology soon became associated with Greek mythology. Astrology became, in its day, the explanation and history that covered every aspect of human nature.
The sun, moon and planets took on the names of their Greek gods which culminated in the way we know mythology today. Astrology combined with mythology was in a sense a religion. The birth of Greek mythology began with simple astrology and gave way to the Greek way of explaining the origins and nature of humanity.
Greek mythology became the explanation for the origins of existence of man and spanned the complex nature of human existence giving inspiration in glorious fermentation of mankind and the heavens. A more complex evolution combining astrology, mythology and philosophy moved civilization into a more solid foundation with new meaning not only for the individual but for society as a whole. Greek influence combined Astrology with mythology in an attempt to explain and expand the nature of the existence of mankind, as well as, to govern society.
Humanity was building a foundation to explain the experience of consciousness, spirituality and what it meant to be human. Astrology combined with mythology attempted to give mankind a sense of place in the world and an explanation to the physical, emotional and spiritual nature of himself.
Astrology is the forerunner to astronomy. Most "scientists" of the time not only believed in Astrology, but also began the attempts to study and explain the physical world. Plato, Pythagoras, Leucippus, Eudoxus and Aristotle were among these scientists and philosophers. While Critodemus, Apollonius of Myndus, and Epigenes of Byzantium continued their efforts and study of astrology and refined it more like we know it today.
Astrology History Part I
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